Albert, the youngest son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was born at Schloss Rosenau in 1819.
Educated in Belgium and Germany, Albert visited his cousin, Queen Victoria, in 1839. While there, the young queen fell in love with Albert, and although he had reservations about the relationship, they were married on February 10, 1840.
Victoria did not want to share her constitutional responsibilities with her husband, but she did want him to have some official capacity. Albert’s German background was a concern to some government officials and a debate started in Parliament over his status. Finally, in 1857, he was granted the title Prince Consort.
Albert served as Victoria’s secretary and confidant, encouraging her to engage in social problems of the day, like child labor. He was also the mastermind of the Great Exhibition in 1851, which celebrated art and science. Profits from the Exhibition paid for building of the Royal Albert Hall and the museums in South Kensington.
When Albert died of typhoid fever in 1861, Victoria was so grief-stricken she wore black for the rest of her life.